HERMES： messenger for stroke interventional treatment
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. 69230 Hermes is an Apollo， Mars- and Venus-crosser asteroid that passed Earth at about twice the distance of the Moon on October 30， 1937. It is named after the Greek god Hermes. At the time， this was the closest known approach of an asteroid to the Earth. Not until 1989 was a closer approach observed. At closest approach， Hermes was moving 5° per hour across the sky and reached 8th magnitude. It was discovered by Karl Reinmuth in images taken on October 28， 1937. Only five days of observations could be made before Hermes became too faint to be seen in the telescopes of the day.
The HERMES experiment has collected a wealth of deep-inelastic scattering data using the 27.6 GeV polarized lepton beam at HERA and various pure gas targets， both unpolarized and polarized. This allowed for a series of diverse and unique measurements. Among them are measurements that provide information on the threedimensional structure of the nucleon， both in momentum space and in position space. Results of measurements of exclusive ω production on an unpolarized and transversely polarized nucleon target， sensitive to the distribution in transverse-position and longitudinalmomentum space， are discussed as well as the three-dimensional extraction of azimuthal asymmetries measured in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering， sensitive to twist-2 and twist-3 distributions in three-dimensional momentum space. The HERMES experiment has collected a wealth of deep-inelastic scattering data using the 27.6 GeV polarized lepton beam at HERA and various pure gas targets， both unpolarized and polarized. This allowed for a series of diverse and unique measurements. Among them are measurements that provide information on the threedimensional structure of the nucleon， both in momentum space and in position space. Results of measurements of exclusive ω production on an unpolarized and transversely polarized nucleon target， sensitive to the distribution in transverse-position and longitudinalmomentum space， are discussed as well as the three-dimensional extraction of azimuthal asymmetries measured in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering， sensitive to twist-2 and twist-3 distributions in three-dimensional momentum space.
Abstract The development of a HERMES curriculum for training in respiratory infections is now in progress http：//ow.ly/Y76aO.
Etzelmüller， Erik; HERMES Collaboration
Hermes, A. et al. Irinotecan plus carboplatin versus oral etoposide plus carboplatin in extensive small-cell lung cancer: a randomized phase III trial. J. Clin. Oncol. 26, 4261-4267
Purpose To investigate a novel Hadamard-encoded spectral editing scheme and evaluate its performance in simultaneously quantifying N-acetyl aspartate (NAA) and N-acetyl aspartyl glutamate (NAAG) at 3 Tesla. Methods Editing pulses applied according to a Hadamard encoding scheme allow the simultaneous acquisition of multiple metabolites. The method， called HERMES (Hadamard Encoding and Reconstruction of MEGA-Edited Spectroscopy)， was optimized to detect NAA and NAAG simultaneously using density-matrix simulations and validated in phantoms at 3T. In vivo data were acquired in the centrum semiovale of 12 normal subjects. The NAA：NAAG concentration ratio was determined by modeling in vivo data using simulated basis functions. Simulations were also performed for potentially coedited molecules with signals within the detected NAA/NAAG region. Results Simulations and phantom experiments show excellent segregation of NAA and NAAG signals into the intended spectra， with minimal crosstalk. Multiplet patterns show good agreement between simulations and phantom and in vivo data. In vivo measurements show that the relative peak intensities of the NAA and NAAG spectra are consistent with a NAA：NAAG concentration ratio of 4.22：1 in good agreement with literature. Simulations indicate some coediting of aspartate and glutathione near the detected region (editing efficiency： 4.5% and 78.2%， respectively， for the NAAG reconstruction and 5.1% and 19.5%， respectively， for the NAA reconstruction). Conclusion The simultaneous and separable detection of two otherwise overlapping metabolites using HERMES is possible at 3T. Magn Reson Med， 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals， Inc.
This paper presents a new measurement of the longitudinal spin transfer to Λ hyperons produced in the current fragmentation region in positron deep-inelastic scattering. This analysis is based on a sample of 9300 reconstructed Λ hyperons collected at HERMES during the period 1999-2000. This sample is more than 5 times larger than that used in a previous analysis based on the 1996-1997 data， and has enabled the investigation of the dependence of the Λ polarization on the kinematic variables z and x. No significant dependence on these variables is observed， which is an apparent contradiction with theoretical models predicting a strong rise in the spin transfer at high z.
ABSTRACT As intensive care medicine has progressed and advanced in terms of technology， dia-gnostics and therapeutics， the demand for intensive care medicine has increased con-tinuously， resulting in pressures on resources and healthcare budgets. For these reasons， there is a need to create adequate legal and administrative structures， plus an increasing requirement for qualified specialised person-nel and internationally standardised， mutually recognised training programmes . This is especially relevant considering the multidis-ciplinary nature of intensive care medicine. Bearing this in mind， a way forward for intensive care medicine is to involve more respiratory physicians because they can be significant providers of care to critically ill respiratory patients . Intermediate care units providing noninvasive monitoring and noninvasive ventilation allow a more efficient and cost-effective approach without decreas-ing the quality of care or adversely affecting outcome . They make it possible for patients with respiratory diseases of inter-mediate severity to be cared for in specialised units headed by respiratory physicians . The development of weaning centres and long-term care facilities， including home ventilation， provide important economic advantages that decrease the burden on regular intensive care units (ICUs) by redu-cing admissions and facilitating discharge to step-down areas . The respiratory physician can provide advantages to patients in these critical care settings， adapting relatively easily to the needs of the patient . Historically in Europe， respiratory physi-cians have not usually been in the forefront of caring for the critically ill respiratory patient. This is in contrast with the situation in the USA， where pulmonologists are among the first specialists to participate in the treatment of ICU patients . There is however a growing interest in Europe for the role of the respiratory physician， reflected by a trend towards collaboration between intensive care specialists and respiratory medicine specia-lists. This is manifested by joint consensus papers and employment of respiratory physi-cians in ICUs . In response to this trend and the growing importance of the role of the respiratory physician， the Respiratory Intensive Care Assembly of the European Respiratory Society (ERS) and the ERS Education Com-mittee have supported the creation of a Respiratory Critical Care HERMES (Harmo-nised Education in Respiratory Medicine for European Specialists) Task Force. The ultimate aim of the Respiratory Critical Care HERMES Task Force is to ensure that the best quality of care is delivered through harmonised educational standards in the context of these evolving medical and economic demands. It also aims to address Statement of Interest
Pulmonary metastases from colorectal cancer present as systemic manifestation of the disease. As a general principle， the presence of metastases predispose to a poor prognosis. However， the application of some criteria of "operability" permitted the surgical resection resulting in prolonged survival (reported 5-year survival up to 50%)， in better quality of life and in the cure of some patients. When the primary tumor site is controlled， and the metastatic disease is limited in lungs without extrapulmonary location (except for resectable or resected hepatic lesion) surgical removal is indicated. As significant prognostic factors in metastasectomies have been reported the synchronous or metachronous caracter of the metastases， the disease free survival， the complete removal of the metastases， the thoracic lymph node invasion， the CEA level before metastasectomy and 1 month after， the solitary vs. multiple pulmonary metastatic locations， the induction chemotherapy， the histological type and differentiation grade， as well as the vascular emboli in histopathological examination. Thorough preoperative evaluation of the patient includes oncological assessment and respiratory functional tests. Alternatively， when the patient is not a good surgical candidate， radiofrequency ablation is an option. Many surgical accesses have been validated， as posterolateral or lateral or even posterior thoracotomy， sternotomy， clamshell incision， and thoracoscopic techniques that offer the advantages of less pain， fast recovery， and less morbidity. Though thoracoscopic metastasectomies have been questioned concerning to the completeness of metastatic removal， no statistical difference in survival has been revealed in many series comparing thoracotomy to thoracoscopic techniques. As a conclusion， there are many advances in the management of pulmonary metastases from colorectal cancer during last decade， the results have been essentially optimized， the role of surgery has been established， and the multimodality approach has been recognized as the cornerstone of a successful outcome.