Cholecalciterol Cholesterol Emulsion Ameliorates Experimental Colitis via Down-regulating the Pyroptosis Signaling Pathway
The therapeutic effect of 1， 25(OH) 2 vitamin D 3 and its analog (paricalcitol) on experimental colitis in animals has been heavily demonstrated. However， the response to Cholecalciterol Cholesterol Emulsion (CCE)， a precursor of 1， 25(OH) 2 vitamin D 3 ， has not yet been reported. Whether pyroptosis is involved in colitic deterioration also remains unclear. Therefore， we adopted molecular biology and histology approaches to examine mechanisms by which CCE was able to regulate experimental colitis in the animal model induced by 2，4，6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid (TNBS). Our data revealed that mice displayed a remarkable reduction in colonic histological scores， colonic inflammation and colonic histological damage. In addition， there was an overall improvement in general status (change in body weight， food and water intake， mental status， activity) and a 30% increase in survival rate due to the downregulation of pyroptosis following treatment with CCE. In conclusion， our data have provided evidence that CCE can attenuate the damage of experimental colitis by suppressing pyroptosis signaling.